Locke, in his treatise, “A Letter Concerning Toleration,” holds to a strong divide between the political authority (the “magistrate”) and the Church. In short, the Church and State are separate and should simply hold to their own areas of authority, not interfering in each other’s proper work. He has this to say, though, about the limits of toleration:
That Church can have no right to be tolerated by the magistrate which is constituted upon such a bottom that all those who enter into it do thereby ipso facto deliver themselves up to the protection and service of another prince. (35)
But actually, the Church is in “the protection and service” of another Prince, the Prince of Peace. I think Hauerwas might have something to say about this.